关闭

举报

  • 提交
    首页 > 文艺生活 > 正文

    Dragon book club " dragon" in 2018 No. 15 (total 105 )

    信息发布者:王子文
    2018-04-13 10:40:32    来源:Dragon book club    浏览:11    回复:0    点赞:0

    Dragon book club " dragon" in 2018 No. 15 (total 105 )

                                           " dragon" in 2018 No. 15(total 105)

     Say Qingming festival, words three sections

     Wen / Huang xingmin

     When it comes to Qingming festival, people naturally think of the Tang dynasty poet du mu " Qingming festival rain ..." the household name of eternal song.  More many literati ink guest sing out the " pedestrians on the road to break the soul" poem, even some people think that the tomb-sweeping day is cold food festival, there are poems to prove " tomb - sweeping day original intention who remember?  Don't negative one thousand Jie zi push.  " is therefore, specifically talk about the true meaning of Qingming festival, and with cold food festival and Shangsi festival history.

     One, Qingming festival gas, farming node, three sections in one

     Qingming festival is one of the 24 solar terms, " twenty-four solar term" in this explanation: " March festival, things to this time, are clean and Qingming yi".  Therefore, Qingming festival, as a solar term, is a symbol of phenological changes, seasonal order.  Ice and snow melt, vegetation green, the weather is clear, everything is thriving.  So the festival is a good time for spring ploughing and spring planting.  Farmers say: " before and after the tomb-sweeping day, planting melons and beans", " planting trees, don't pass the tomb-sweeping day".  Therefore, Qingming festival is a very important agricultural node.  At the same time, Qingming festival is a festival, called " Qingming festival", also called " qingqing festival", in the 24 solar terms is both solar terms, and festival only Qingming festival.  So Qingming festival is a year in order to arrange farming solar terms, how to become a custom activities and commemorative festival?  This is related to the two ancient festivals that have disappeared. they are cold food festival and Shangsi festival.

     Cold food festival is a traditional festival in ancientChina, generally 105 days after the winter solstice, a day or two before and after the tomb-sweeping day.  Is the folk to commemorate the jiezi push and form the day of the ban on fire grave, is the day people don't move fireworks, only eat cold food.  Then the two gradually merged into one, cold food festival also became the tomb-sweeping day nickname, also become a custom of the tomb-sweeping day.

     Shangsi festival is a very old festival, in early March ( generally refers to March 3 ), and the date of the tomb-sweeping day is very close, so gradually merged into one, Shangsi festival evocation, outing, wearing bluegrass custom is merged in the tomb-sweeping day.  After the Tang dynasty, the three sections of the unity, formed a fixed Qingming customs has been spread to this day.

     So, Qingming festival in addition to the above meaning, what is the meaning?  Listen to the following passage.

     Second, the day is clear, the society is clear, Shen eventually chase away.  " hundred questions at the age of" said: " everything grows at this time, are clean and clear, so for the Qingming festival.  " legend has it that in ancient Dayu successful water control, just between a clear day to spring, beautiful good season, when people use the word" tomb - sweeping day " to describe the flood was cleared, the state of peace, then the Confucian church and state of the prosperous time of testimonies called" tomb - sweeping day ".  Qing represents purity and quiet, Ming means light and clear.  So the natural environment of the tomb-sweeping day, indicates the clear water, bright as a mirror, the awaken of spring is abundant, myriad weather.  And the social clarity, symbolizes harmony, organization, testimonies, transparency and justice.

     Qingming festival sacrifice tomb-sweeping customs, embodies the " cautious end chase far" cultural concept, make the individual and family, family and society in spiritual connection, we remember ancestors, sacrifice ancestors, because they are their own source, their hard work and struggle is the starting point for us to move forward.  This is the expression of respect for life, awe of history, but also for the future of cultural heritage is inevitable.  So the Qingming festival is a perceptual day, careful eventually chase far, sustenance grief;  At the same time is also a rational day, let people realize the limitation of life, thinking about what kind of person to do is not wasted this life.

     Three qi Qing Jingming, read the tomb-sweeping day, always now.  " almanac" cloud " when everything is clean and clear, cover when qi Qing Jingming, everything is obvious, so the name.  " the wind and the sun is beautiful, the sky is bright, nature coruscate vitality can also cause people happy and exciting mood, bring auspicious blessing.  " Qingming peach and plum smile", in this beautiful day, people visit the spring, fly kites, swing, enjoy a happy life.  Therefore, Qingming festival reminds us that we should live a good life at every moment when we are remembering our old friend and sighing about impermanence, and Qingming festival is the key to life practice.  Life is alive, there are always many common thoughts, worry regret, how can you free?  Not a thought all have no, but to every idea is clear and unmoved.  This is the tomb-sweeping day, that is, the real " meditation", and then to " always present" to the heart, get relief, not tired by common things.

     Four, the body clear heart Ming, comfortable Qingming, heaven and man.  A year's plan is spring, human life and time, corresponding to nature, in the new year, into a new stage, there is also a spring, summer long, autumn harvest, the process of winter Tibetan, Qingming festival, the sun be the spirit of spring, from the winter solstice, a yang was born in the ground, after 104 days to Qingming festival, sun be the spirit reached a state of gaining momentum, Qingming festival to eat cold food custom comes from the idea of Tao, the ancients thought in the sun be the spirit of the peak, eat cold food or inebriation, can force the turbid spirit out of the body, the ancients thought  Today we don't have to accept the idea of the ancients, but it can enlighten us to pursue the new life, in order to achieve the clear realm of life.

     Qingming festival as a solar term, is a festival, indeed has an extraordinary meaning, combined with today's state and its legal, visible its special status in the Chinese civilization.  Therefore, we should further understand its cultural significance and inherit its fine traditions.

     18.04.08

     

    Pleasure

     Wen / Huang xingmin

     Spring grass green everywhere,

     You diameter mountain flower spit.

     The orioles on the branches just crow,

     Clear sky eagle dance.

     Ancient wood cloth moss,

     Flying squirrel.

     Flowing spring hanging organ playing,

     Deep pool fish play by.

     18.04.06 cuihua mountain

     微信图片_20180413081259.jpg

    Spring outing

     Wen / quiet inside

      

     February ching Ming festival early meet

     Yucca rustling into the flowers

     Gongying beam umbrella mu light dew

     Willow shumei smile huifeng

     Listen to the water by the green grass stream

     Warbler under poplar trees

     Rare leisure interest at the moment

     Don't stay yang hualuo dye Weng

     

    Yaoshan bamboo garden villa

     Wen / Huang xingmin

     One

     Villa Jing Ya Penglai,

     The great Buddha's arms drunk.

     Blue waves rippling gather wealth,

     Castle peak ling xiu hui contacts.

     Garden swing laughter,

     Hall after repair bamboo warbler Yan have.

     A good place to prolong life,

     Enjoy the ecological near yue far away.

     Secondly

     Bamboo garden villa such as home Xin,

     Xanadu drunk jiabin.

     Flowers and trees have spirit are poetic,

     Mountains and rivers are full of emotions.

     18.04.08 Xi 'an

     

    Talk again Qingming festival

     Wen / Huang xingmin

     Qingming festival in addition to the signs of seasonal order, careful eventually chase far sacrifice ancestors and other significance, there are still many customs and habits.

     Outing tanchun.  The ancients Qingming more than rain in succession, and outing tanchun fall in love.  Qingming festival outing habit has a long history, also called tanchun, spring outing, the old Qingming festival as the qingqing festival.  Li Zhu of the Tang dynasty, " Qin zhong - nian Ji" once recorded: " Shangsi festival ( the third day of the third lunar month ) give feast Qujiang, all people in the river head zhi drink, trample grass, called stepping on green shoes.  " this is the origin of the term stepping over.  The ancient Chinese people have the custom of stepping on a green, and the ancients far more than we thought can play.  Du fu's " two for the road" cloud: " new weather on March 3, many beauties take the air by the Changan waterfront.  " is the March 3 outing festival, royal kiss your feast Qujiang.  How did the ancients set foot on?

     Pre - Qin period, as early as the Zhou dynasty people like spring outing together, especially young men and women, but also through the opportunity of spring outing in succession talked about love.  Such as " the wind. Zheng Feng Qin Huan", this is a description of Zheng on March have festival young men and women in Qin water and Huan water ( i.e., double Qian river, located in today's Zhengzhou xinmi and Xinzheng ) swim spring poem on the shore.  Also describes an ancient valentine's day, a big blind date.  " Zhou Li. officer. media" records: " to zhongchun month, will make men and women, so also, rush can not help.  If without reason and don't make, punish it.  " that is to say, in the spring, unmarried men and women can meet to the outskirts for a walk, talk about love, talk about love, if you don't go, but also punished!

     The Wei and Jin dynasties government specially will be the first " third day" of the summer calendar in March as the Shangsi festival, this is the ancient legal " valentine's day".  " and then change the date of the Shangsi festival to the third day of the third lunar month, descendants follow, became the water's edge catering, suburban spring festival.  Known as the world's first running script called " handicraftsmen", is Wang Xizhi on the third day of March, and Xie an, sun chuo noble to the outskirts of the birth after drinking.  This party is called " qushui drink Shang", people together in the river, let the glass downstream from the upstream, who stopped in front of the cup, who will take a cup of wine, can not only take music, also pray to eliminate evil solution, a year of well - being.

     In the Tang dynasty, outing is called " spring", has joined the elements of sports.  " new Tang book. zhongzong biographic sketches" said: " jinglong three years in February has been falling apart, zhongzong and queen xing Xuanwu door, view maid-in-waiting tug of war.  " in addition to tug - of - war, Tang dynasty girls see beautiful wild flowers on the road, will be on the shop yarrow and sit on the spot, also off the red skirt hang up a circle as a picnic veil, visible is quite romantic!

     From the song dynasty to the Ming and Qing dynasties, people chose to go out for spring outings on the Qingming festival, and the custom of outing was officially spread.  During this period, there is no more exquisite outing, recreation projects are also given priority to with sports.  In contrast, song people like cuju, Ming people like to swing, Qing people are infatuated with flying kites.  Zhang Zeduan's " Qingming shanghe figure" depicts one of the main content, is the northern song dynasty capital bian city in Qingming day outing outing.

     In addition, the tomb-sweeping day and willow wear willow custom.  Willows have great vitality and fecundity.  As the saying goes, " intentional plant flowers don't hair, no intention of willow willow into the shadow".  Willow inserted soil that live, where, where long, every year in willow, everywhere into the shadow.  At the same time, many plants, willow sprout early, this feature not only makes the willow become the carrier of vitality, but also become the angel of spring.  Chairman Mao has a poem of " spring breeze willow myriad".  Because of this, in people's minds became a symbol of life and youth.  Therefore, the proverb says, " the tomb-sweeping day does not wear willow, beauty into Whitehead".  And under the influence of Buddhism, the ancients think willow can but ghost ward off evil spirits, so called " ghost some wood", and Guanyin bodhisattva is willow branches touch water to save all living beings.  Qingming festival is not only a ghost festival, on the occasion of the willow sprout season, people are naturally cut willow wear willow to monarch fierce fortune.

     It is a spring benefits, purple thousand red to Jun..  Your colleagues, you ink, while this beautiful spring scenery, why don't you spring outing, with lyrical bosom?  !  !

     18.04.09grass


    0
    !我要举报这篇文章

    用户评论
    声明 本文来源:神龙书社网上工作室,转载请注明出处。本站转载的其他来源的文章不代表本站完全赞同其观点或对其真实性负责。本文如涉及侵权请及时联系我们,我们将在24小时内予以删除!